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The Making of Bhishma
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The Conversations

from the climax of Jaane Bhi Do Yaaron. All you need to know is …

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The Indus Valley Stick Dance I just finished reading “The Indus” subtitled “Lost Civilizations” by …

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A Review of “The Last Kaurava” a novel of Bronze Age India by Namita Sugandhi …

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The Mahabharata is an epic tale of tales stacked one onto another like Russian babushka …

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Climate Change caused collapse of “Indus Valley Culture” I found another article about the collapse …

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WHAT DID THE ANCIENT BRONZE AGE CULTURES KNOW OF FATHERHOOD Some readers of The Making …

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Cultures in South Asia, 4000 B.C.E.

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The Book

The Last Kaurava is not a re-told Mahabharata – it uses several characters from the Epic and  mostly follows the story-line, but there are events that never occur in the Mahabharata or are at great variance from the story as told in the Mahabharata. Reading The Last Kaurava requires that the reader be flexible and open-minded enough to let the story play out.  To repeat, this is not a retelling of the Mahabharata; it is an entirely new work of fiction.

Two stories unfold in the book:  the first story explores the writing down of the Mahabharata. It parallels the episode from the very beginning of the…

thebook

The Story

It is 2000 B.C.E.. Suyodhana, the effective ruler of Hastinapur, along with his brothers and Karna, has been waging war aganst his cousins the  Pandavas.  The Pandavas were forced to abandon their city Indraprastha and are camped somewhere in the depths of the Gangetic forest, between Hastinapur and Kampilya, the capital of the matriarch Queen Draupadi, their joint wife.

Devavrat, the aged Regent of Hastinapur, has been captured by the Pandavas.  He is persuaded by the Vyaasa and Yudhishthira to explain the decisions he made in response to the mass migration caused by the disappearance of the Saraswati.  Yudhishthira hopes to understand what policies should be dropped and which ones should be continued.  The Vyaasa, the head of the Kavi Sangha, wants to add to the historical archives of Hastinapur–the public recitation of this history is one of the traditional roles of the Kavi Sangha and the source of its popularity and power.  He asks a senior kavi Lomaharshana to be the active listener who will compose the oral history. Devavrat finds that he cannot separate events of his own life from the policies he had established, for they were closely interleaved.

With the Vyaasa providing additional background Lomaharshana puts together the story of Devavrat’s life leading up to the birth of Dhritarashtra, father of Suyodhana, and Mahendra, also called Pandu, the father of Yudhishthira and his brothers.

A frame story, set in 850 B.C.E., wraps the narration of the life-story of Devavrat. It is over a thousand years after the Great War, and Hastinapur has been abandoned as a result of one great flood that also kills many kavis, members of the Kavi Sangha.  The memorised history of Hastinapur, memorized for recitation by the kavis, is at risk as there are very few kavis left who know it in its entirety. The city council asks the Kavi Sangha to write down the story – the Vyaasa Vaishampaayana recites the story while the trader Bhargava the Kambhoji attempts to write it down using his limited knowledge of a Western (Phoenician or other Semitic) script.  The project seems to be doomed to fail but is saved by Bhargava’s son Chandrasekhar, who became an expert Scribe when he was stranded in a Western capital (“Babylon”) for many years by the repeated wars endemic to the …

Three Matriarchal Cultures

The Author

Kamesh Ramakrishna grew up in Bombay (now Mumbai) and completed his undergraduate studies at IIT-Kanpur. He went on to obtain a Ph.D. in computer science from Carnegie-Mellon University in Pittsburgh, specialising in Artificial Intelligence. In his professional life he has been: a professor; a software engineer; an inventor with some patents; software architect for some foundational products; Chief Technology Officer for a startup; in recent years, a consulting software architect.

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